Breast tuberculosis in outpatient practice: Case reports

Author Information

Ndungu B.M., BSc, MBChB, MMed, Dip (MAS), Tharao M.K., BSc, Githaiga J.W., MBChB, MMed, FCS (ECSA), Department of Human Anatomy, School of Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya and Radia K., FR C Path, Pathcare Laboratory, Limuru road, Nairobi, Kenya

Corresponding author:

Dr. Ndungu B.M., P.O. Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Email


There has been a general increase in both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) attributable to global spread of AIDS. The breast is rarely a focus whether primarily or contiguously. It is confused with cancer of the breast and confirmation by histology and/or demonstration of acid and alcohol fast bacilli (AAFB) is crucial. We present three cases of breast TB seen in a private surgical clinic within a two-year period. The diagnostic and treatment pathways are described and a review of literature on the disease presented.


The Annals of African Surgery is the official publication of the Surgical Society of Kenya.


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