Burns injuries among in-patients at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya

Lelei, L. K, MBChB, MMed(Surg) ,Ortho (UCT), FCS, Chebor, A. K, BScN., MPH, Mwangi, H. R, Dip (HR&IT) H/Dip (Epi), Correspondence: Dr. L. K. Lelei, P. O. BOX 4060-30100, Eldoret, Kenya, EÐmail: lklelei@yahoo.com


Background: Africa contributes 12.2% to the total global deaths due to burn injuries. There are no data on burns in the Western region of Kenya

Objectives: To determine the causes and outcome of burns injuries among in-patients at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya.

Study design: Retrospective Cross-sectional study.

Setting: The surgical wards of MTRH, an 800 bed tertiary teaching and referral hospital in the Western region of Kenya.

Results: The age ranged between 4 days and 79 years (mean 7.9±13.7 years).The male to female ratio was 1.5:1. The common causes of burn injury were scalds and open fire. The mean duration of hospitalization was 25.7 ±33.5days (Range 1 to 256 days). The mortality rate was 5%.

Conclusion: Scalding is the leading cause of burns at MTRH. The length of hospitalization and mortality rate are comparable to those of the developing world.


The Annals of African Surgery is the official publication of the Surgical Society of Kenya.


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