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Burns injuries among in-patients at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Eldoret, Kenya

Lelei, L. K, MBChB, MMed(Surg) ,Ortho (UCT), FCS, Chebor, A. K, BScN., MPH, Mwangi, H. R, Dip (HR&IT) H/Dip (Epi), Correspondence: Dr. L. K. Lelei, P. O. BOX 4060-30100, Eldoret, Kenya, EÐmail: lklelei@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Africa contributes 12.2% to the total global deaths due to burn injuries. There are no data on burns in the Western region of Kenya

Objectives: To determine the causes and outcome of burns injuries among in-patients at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya.

Study design: Retrospective Cross-sectional study.

Setting: The surgical wards of MTRH, an 800 bed tertiary teaching and referral hospital in the Western region of Kenya.

Results: The age ranged between 4 days and 79 years (mean 7.9±13.7 years).The male to female ratio was 1.5:1. The common causes of burn injury were scalds and open fire. The mean duration of hospitalization was 25.7 ±33.5days (Range 1 to 256 days). The mortality rate was 5%.

Conclusion: Scalding is the leading cause of burns at MTRH. The length of hospitalization and mortality rate are comparable to those of the developing world.

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