Congenital Tracheal Stenosis in a Patient with Cleft Lip

Qureshi AM1, Nebayosi T1, Devani P2

1 − Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi

2 − Gertrude’s Children’s’ Hospital, Nairobi

Correspondence to: Dr Ayman M Qureshi; P.O Box 76553 – 00508 Kenya. Email:

Key words: Congenital Tracheal Stenosis, Cleft Lip


Congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) is a rare condition characterised by different patterns of tracheal narrowing. The pathological hallmark is the presence of complete tracheal rings, with or without associated anomalies. We present a case of asymptomatic CTS in a patient with unilateral cleft lip. Tracheal stenosis was discovered incidentally immediately prior to surgery for correction of the cleft lip, when several attempts at intubation proved unsuccessful. A CT scan of the neck and proximal chest demonstrated a localised region of airway narrowing of the distal trachea, in addition to a right sided cleft lip without cleft palate. Management of CTS depends on several factors, with surgery being the definitive form of treatment. We review the pathology of CTS, its relationship with craniofacial defects, the role of radiology and management of this disease entity.


The Annals of African Surgery is the official publication of the Surgical Society of Kenya.


All content copyright © 2021 Annals of African Surgery.

ISSN (print): 1999-9674; ISSN (online): 2523-0816

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