Management of Anorectal Malformation:

Experience from Ethiopia

Maru Gama1, Amezene Tadesse2

  1. Saint Paul Millennium Medical College

  2. School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University

Correspondence to: Dr.Amezene Tadesse, P.O Box 9086, Black Lion Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.



Background: Anorectal malformations are among the most common congenital malformation seen in children. There is paucity of data regarding the incidence and treatment outcome of this disease from Ethiopia. Methods: This is a retrospective review of patients treated for ARM at the TASH from March 2010-February 2014. Relevant statistical analysis was done and the results presented in tables and graphs. Results: Six patients (6%) presented at early neonatal age (before the age of 4 days) and 14 (14%) presented between 4 days and one month. A total of 57 associated congenital malformations were diagnosed in 44/99(44%) patients. The two most common type of ARM diagnosed among the female patients were recto-vestibular fistula which occurred in 39/56 (70%) and perineal fistula accounting for 6/56 (11%). ARM with urethral fistula was the commonest diagnosis among the male patients, making up 10/43 (23%). Post-operative outcome showed that 64 (64%) had a very good functional outcome. Conclusions: The diagnosis of anorectal malformation is late. Nearly half of the patients were found to have associated malformations


Keywords: Anorectal malformation, Associated malformations, Postero-sagittal anorectoplasty

Ann Afr Surg. 2018; 15(1):25-28 DOI:

© 2018 Author. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


The Annals of African Surgery is the official publication of the Surgical Society of Kenya.


All content copyright © 2021 Annals of African Surgery.

ISSN (print): 1999-9674; ISSN (online): 2523-0816

Main Office Location: Menelik Medical Centre, Menelik Road, off Ngong Road, Nairobi. First floor.

Telephone: +254715260499



The content on this site is intended for health professionals. Advertisements on this site do not constitute a guarantee or endorsement by the journal, Association, or publisher of the quality or value of such product or of the claims made for it by its manufacturer.

Click here to subscribe and get the latest from Annals of African Surgery

Click here to apply as a Journal Reviewer!

  • Twitter
  • Facebook Social Icon
  • YouTube
  • LinkedIn
  • Instagram