Clinical and Epidemiological Profile of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma at Two Quaternary Hospitals in Mozambique in 2016

Nádia Armindo Henriques Fortes 1, Prem Yohannan 2

1. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Maputo Central Hospital,

2. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Maputo Central Hospital

Correspondences to: Nádia Armindo Henriques Fortes;E-mail: nadfortes1@hotmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Maxillofacial trauma is characterized by anatomical and functional changes on the face and oral cavity, caused by traffic accidents, physical violence, sports injuries, industrial accidents, and animal bites, among others. The care and treatment of maxillofacial trauma is challenging and multidisciplinary. Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and epidemiological profile of maxillofacial trauma in patients attended at the Maputo Central and Nampula Central hospital, in the year 2016. Material and methods: To conduct a descriptive cross-sectional retrospective study; based on clinical records of all patients with maxillofacial trauma that attended the consultations or were admitted in the wards of the maxillofacial surgery services at the Central Hospitals of Maputo and Nampula from January to December of 2016. Statistical tests were performed looking for significance levels of 5 % in SPSS (version 20 for Windows). Results: It was found that trauma accounted for 482 (35.65%) of patients treated at the Central Hospitals of Maputo and Nampula. 373 (77.4%) of the patients fell in the 15-44 years’ age-group, 363 (75.31%) were male and 430 (89.21%) were of the African race. The majority of patients treated at these hospitals were outpatients 259 (53.77%). It was found (however without statistical significance) that the most frequent cause of trauma had been physical violence. The lower floor of the face was more frequently involved 279 (57.88%) and the most common treatment employed was closed reduction 238 (49.38%). Conclusion: The characteristic clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with maxillofacial trauma is mainly fractures of the lower floor of the face. These types of injuries are usually severe, and the development of preventative and multidisciplinary conducts and treatment protocols for these patients is highly imperative.

 

Keywords: epidemiological profile. maxillofacial trauma. Mozambique

Ann Afr Surg. ****; **(*):***

DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aas.v*****

Conflicts of Interest: None

Funding: None

© 2020 Author. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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