Upper Arm Disability after Axillary Surgery for Early Breast Cancer

Karen Mbaabu1, Ronald Wasike2

  1. Department of Surgery, The Mater Hospital, Nairobi

  2. Department of Surgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi

Correspondence to: Dr. Mbaabu Karen; email: karenmbaabu@gmail.com


Background: The treatment of early breast cancer includes surgical removal of the tumor and evaluation of axillary lymph nodes. Axillary lymph node surgery is associated with upper arm morbidity. The impact of this upper arm limitation has a direct effect on the patient’s quality of life. Objectives: To quantify the symptoms of upper extremity disability, and identify correlations between severity of symptoms and type of axillary surgery. Methods: An observational study of 2 groups of patients who had undergone surgery for breast cancer. Data were collected using the DASH® questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS v13®. Results: All 102 participants reported upper extremity symptoms. The mean DASH score for all participants was 51.7. Participants in the retrospective arm had a higher DASH score of 53; those in the prospective arm had a score of 47.3. Conclusion: There was no correlation between severity of symptoms and type of axillary surgery performed. Targeted rehabilitation services should be implemented after the primary surgery.


Keywords: Early breast cancer, Axillary dissection, DASH score, Upper arm disability


Ann Afr Surg. 2020; 17(3):99–102

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aas.v17i3.2

Conflicts of Interest: None

Funding: None

© 2020 Author. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Submitted: 30 August 2018

Revised: 30 May 2019

Accepted: 1 August 2019

Online first: 29 May 2020


The Annals of African Surgery is the official publication of the Surgical Society of Kenya.


All content copyright © 2021 Annals of African Surgery.

ISSN (print): 1999-9674; ISSN (online): 2523-0816

Main Office Location: Menelik Medical Centre, Menelik Road, off Ngong Road, Nairobi. First floor.

Telephone: +254715260499

Email: info@annalsofafricansurgery.com.


The content on this site is intended for health professionals. Advertisements on this site do not constitute a guarantee or endorsement by the journal, Association, or publisher of the quality or value of such product or of the claims made for it by its manufacturer.

Click here to subscribe and get the latest from Annals of African Surgery

  • Twitter
  • Facebook Social Icon
  • YouTube
  • LinkedIn
  • Instagram