The prevalence of traumatic brain injury among trauma patients in Ethiopia: systematic review and meta-analysis

Semagn Mekonnen Abate1, Bedru Jemal Abafita1, Tesfanew Bekele2

1Department of Anesthesiology, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Dilla University, Dilla Ethiopia

2Department of Surgery, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Dilla University, Dilla Ethiopia

Correspondence to:

Semagn Mekonnen Abate, Department of Anesthesiology, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Dilla University, Dilla Ethiopia.

Email: semmek17@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Traumatic Brain Injury is the common cause of mortality and disability in the young age populations particularly in children and adolescents. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the prevalence of Traumatic Brain Injury among trauma patients in Ethiopia. Methods: A three-stage search strategy was conducted on PubMed/Medline, Science direct and African Online Journal and a grey literature search were conducted on Google scholars. The data analysis was conducted with R software version 3.6.1. Results: The pooled prevalence of Traumatic Brain Injury in Ethiopia was 20% (95% confidence interval, 11 to 32). Subgroup analysis revealed that Road Traffic Accident was the commonest mechanism of injury in Ethiopia 21% (95% confidence Interval (IC), 15 to 30 followed by Assault 18% (95% confidence interval, 5 to 48). Conclusion: The review revealed that the prevalence of Traumatic Brain Injury among trauma patients in Ethiopia is high as compared to continental and global reports. The policymakers and stakeholders should work on regulatory laws on transportation and pre-hospital emergency medical care system is also highly in demand.

Registration: This review was registered in Prospero international prospective register of systematic reviews (CRD42020146643).

Keywords: Head injury, Road Traffic Accident, Assault, Ethiopia.

Ann Afr Surg. ****; **(*):***

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/aas.v*****

Conflicts of Interest: None

Funding: None

© 2020 Author. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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