Pediatric Burns at The Rift Valley Provincial General Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya

Author Information

Oduor P.R., MBChB, MMed, Department of Surgery, Rift Valley Provincial General Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya.

Corresponding author:

Dr. Oduor P.R., P.O Box 12168-20100, Nakuru. E-mail: oduorpr@gmail.com

Abstract

Aim: To determine the etiology and outcome of pediatric burns (0-12 years).

Design: A retrospective study of burn victims hospitalized at the Rift Valley Provincial General Hospital, Nakuru, Kenya from April 2004 to March 2007

Method: Charts of all children hospitalized for burn injury were reviewed for patient demographics, burn etiology, anatomical sites involved, extent of burn and outcome of treatment.

Results: The mean age was 2.6 years, with a male to female ratio of 1.4:1. 90.2% of the burns were due to scalds. The upper limbs and trunk were the most commonly affected. The mortality was 11.9% with flame burns resulting in a higher mortality than scalds.

Conclusion: The management of burns in the Nakuru region is challenging. The morbidity and associated mortality is high. Prevention of burn injuries should be advocated

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