Systematic Reviews in Surgical Decision Making: Unpacking the Data

Clifford Chacha Mwita1, 2

  1. Moi University School of Medicine, Eldoret

  2. Research and Evidence, Afya Research Africa, Nairobi

Correspondence to: Clifford C. Mwita, , P. O. Box 4606-30100, Eldoret, Kenya.



The practice of surgery has always involved a process of trying to understand the pathophysiology of surgical conditions and introducing interventions to alter their course. With time, numerous interventions have become available and contemporary surgical practice warrants that surgeons possess skills in utilizing the best available high-quality evidence for patient care. Such evidence is afforded by systematic reviews. Utilizing such reviews involves a process of reading and interpretation in which the surgeon attempts to determine whether a sensible clinical question was addressed, the search for relevant literature was exhaustive, assessment of identified studies was reproducible, reported results were properly summarized and whether any recognized benefits are worth the potential risks and costs of the intervention. This process aids the surgeon when making recommendations regarding treatment and it must incorporate patient values and preferences.


Keywords: Systematic Reviews, Evidence-Based Surgery

Ann Afr Surg. 2017;14(1): 40-43.


© 2017 Annals of African Surgery. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


The Annals of African Surgery is the official publication of the Surgical Society of Kenya.


All content copyright © 2021 Annals of African Surgery.

ISSN (print): 1999-9674; ISSN (online): 2523-0816

Main Office Location: Menelik Medical Centre, Menelik Road, off Ngong Road, Nairobi. First floor.

Telephone: +254715260499



The content on this site is intended for health professionals. Advertisements on this site do not constitute a guarantee or endorsement by the journal, Association, or publisher of the quality or value of such product or of the claims made for it by its manufacturer.

Click here to subscribe and get the latest from Annals of African Surgery

Click here to apply as a Journal Reviewer!

  • Twitter
  • Facebook Social Icon
  • YouTube
  • LinkedIn
  • Instagram